How to Use a Skin Exfoliant
Our skin is continuously renewing itself, growing new skin cells to replace the surface area skin cells that grow old, die, and fall, or slough, off. Every minute of every day, between 30,000 and 40,000 dead skin cells flake away.
Aspects like age and dry skin can mean that dead skin cells don’t fall away as quickly as they should. When these cells develop, they can make the complexion look rough and pasty and can also contribute to the blocked pores that lead to adult acne.
The routine yet careful use of a skin exfoliant can help slough off dead skin cells and discover fresh, more youthful skin.
There are 2 main kinds of skin exfoliants: mechanical exfoliants and chemical exfoliants.
Both are commonly offered, and both have benefits and drawbacks concerning their use and the types of skin conditions for which they are most proper.
Mechanical Skin Exfoliants
Mechanical exfoliants work by sanding off dead skin cells using slightly abrasive substances. These skin exfoliants normally are facial scrubs, velvety cleansers with tiny, rough particles. As you gently massage the exfoliant over the surface area of your face and skin, the friction works to loosen the old skin cells.
Mechanical skin exfoliants are easily available in pharmacies and easy to use. They are especially great for individuals with oily skin or acne, as they remove skin cells and debris that block pores, however only if you don’t scrub too hard as this can trigger further irritation.
However, mechanical exfoliants can be harsh. When you use them, you’re actually sanding away the outer layer of your skin. Some contain particles so jagged and rough that they might in fact cut the skin.
Because of this, skin specialists suggest using a gentle motion when using a skin exfoliant, and avoiding them completely if you have delicate skin.
Chemical Skin Exfoliants
A chemical skin exfoliant uses gentle acids to liquify whatever bonds are preventing the external layer of dead skin cells from falling off your face and body. There are 2 main types of chemical skin exfoliants, those that include an alpha hydroxy acid (AHA) and those that include a beta hydroxy acid (BHA):.
Alpha hydroxy acids are stemmed from different foods, from fruits, such as apples and grapes, to milk. Some of the most common AHAs to try to find on item labels are glycolic acid, lactic acid, malic acid, alpha-hydroxyoctanoic acid, and triple fruit acid.
An alpha hydroxy acid is best for people with dry or thickened skin.
Beta hydroxy acids are the chemical cousins of alpha hydroxy acids, however are more oil-soluble and for that reason better at exfoliating oily skin or acne-prone skin.
The best recognized beta hydroxy acid is salicylic acid. On product labels, search for salicylate, salt salicylate, beta hydroxybutanoic acid, or tropic acid.
Alpha hydroxy acid and beta hydroxy acid skin care items tend to be less harsh on the skin than mechanical exfoliants.
They also help refresh the skin in methods a facial scrub can’t: They lower the skin’s pH level and help smooth little, shallow wrinkles, improving the look of skin that is dry or sun damaged.
Finding the right formula for your skin involves some trial and error. Inning accordance with the United States Food and Drug Administration, you should choose alpha hydroxy acid-based chemical exfoliants with an alpha hydroxy acid concentration of 10 percent or less and a pH of 3.5 or more.
Beta hydroxy acid-based exfoliants including salicylic acid are effective at levels of 1.5 to 2 percent. Utilizing more powerful services can trigger skin inflammation.
Another caveat: These types of exfoliants increase your skin’s sensitivity to the sun for as long as a week after each use. Before going out, constantly apply sunscreen– a skin-saving suggestion for everybody.
How and When to Use Exfoliants.
You must not use an exfoliant every day. Your skin requires time to regrow its topmost layer, which exfoliation strips away.
People with dry skin must just exfoliate one or two times a week, while those with oily skin can exfoliate two to four times a week.
Stop using an exfoliant if you find your skin becoming inflamed or developing a rash. Remember to hydrate your skin after exfoliating, to relieve it and keep it from drying.